AMQP (RabbitMQ)

AMQP is an open standard application layer protocol for message-oriented communication, i.e. implemented by RabbitMQ message-broker.

RabbitMQ is the most widely deployed open source message broker. With tens of thousands of users, it is one of the most popular open source message brokers. From T-Mobile to Runtastic, it is used worldwide at small startups and large enterprises. RabbitMQ is lightweight and easy to deploy on premises and in the cloud. It supports multiple messaging protocols and can be deployed in distributed and federated configurations to meet high-scale, high-availability requirements.


Before the usage remember to install required packages.

$ yarn add amqplib amqp-connection-manager


import { createMicroservice, Transport } from '@marblejs/messaging';

const microservice = createMicroservice({
  transport: Transport.AMQP,
  options: {
    host: 'amqp://localhost:5672',
    queue: 'hello_queue',
    queueOptions: { durable: false },
  // ...

The options property is specific to the chosen transport layer. AMQP exposes the following properties:



Host address of the RabbitMQ server


Queue name which your microservice will listen to


Additional queue options (see AssertQueue specification)


Sets the prefetch count for the channel


If true, manual acknowledgment mode is enabled


Timeout for RPC-like communication. Defaults to 120 seconds


To make sure an event is never lost, RabbitMQ supports message acknowledgements. An acknowledgement is sent back by the consumer to tell RabbitMQ that a particular message has been received, processed and that RabbitMQ is free to delete it. If a consumer dies (its channel is closed, connection is closed, or TCP connection is lost) without sending an ack, RabbitMQ will understand that a message wasn't processed fully and will re-queue it.

To enable manual acknowledgment mode, set the expectAck property to true.

import { createMicroservice, Transport } from '@marblejs/messaging';

const microservice = createMicroservice({
  transport: Transport.AMQP,
  options: {
    host: 'amqp://localhost:5672',
    queue: 'hello_queue',
    expectAck: true, // 👈
  // ...

When manual acknowledgements are turned on, we must send a proper acknowledgement from the worker to signal that we are done with a task.

import { MsgEffect, ackEvent, nackEvent } from '@marblejs/messaging';
import { matchEvent } from '@marblejs/core';
import { pipe } from 'fp-ts/lib/function';
import { mapTo, tap, catchError } from 'rxjs/operators';

const foo$: MsgEffect = (event$, ctx) =>
    act(event => pipe(
      // do some work...
      // ...and ack event
      tap(event => ackEvent(ctx)(event)()),
      mapTo({ type: 'FOO_RESPONSE' }),
      catchError(error => pipe(
        // nack event in case of an exception 

@marblejs/messaging v3.3 introduces three handy functions for event acknowledgement: ackEvent, nackEvent and nackAndResendEvent. While the behavior of the first function is obvious, the second function will reject the event immediately, where the third one will try to resend the event again to the origin channel. You have to pass EffectContext first and the incoming event object to which acknowledgement will be made. Since all three functions are doing an asynchronous side effect, you have to call it explicitly.

nackEvent(ctx)(event)() // Task<boolean> === () => Promise<boolean>

It is in the responsibility of developer to nack messages. If the consumer won't nack the message, it will hang up and wait for (non-)acknowledgement signal till the default transport layer timeout or the connection closing signal. After this time the event will be automatically rejected.

If the microservice (consumer) is in acknowledgement mode (expectAck: true), all outgoing messages that target the same origin queue won't be emitted to prevent accidental consumer blocking. If you would like to emit another event, eg. as a confirmation response to the origin queue with acknowledgement mode enabled, you have to emit the event explicitly by connected messaging client.

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